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Accounting Standards

Simplified accounting rules for small business

The CICA announced late last year a draft version of a new accounting framework for small, owner-managed businesses. The framework is being developed because these types of companies don’t have complex reporting needs like public companies, non-profit organizations, or private companies with significant third party investors or creditors.

I haven’t begun working on public company clients yet, although I have a couple equivalent-to-public companies currently. I have made it known in the office that I want to work on public companies in the future, so hopefully I will be scheduled on one or two soon.

Canada is moving towards international accounting standards (IFRS) for publicly accountable enterprises. The decision has been made and the process of reconciling Canadian GAAP to IFRS is in motion. Word around the office is that IFRS is very similar to Canadian GAAP in terms of the financial statements, but much more developed (read: verbose) when it comes to note disclosure.

But back to small business, or Owner Managed Enterprises (OMEs) as the framework calls them. The framework’s Foreword offers a glimpse into the thinking behind the endeavor:

Such a system could share some of the basic requirements of GAAP financial reporting … but expressed in a basic fashion.

You aren’t going to hear me complain if we can make accounting standards more understandable and accessible. In fact, I would consider it a prime concern if we want to create a more robust, entrepreneurial economy, here and around the world in the future. Such a milieu would help developing countries pull themselves up and improve their lot the only surefire way: through the expansion of trade.

A non-GAAP solution opens up a wide range of possibilities. A tax basis of accounting, a modified cash basis of accounting, a less complex version of GAAP – all are possible.

This is really interesting. I can’t say as I think these bases would provide better information, but they would be easier in many ways. The tax basis would obviously make filing a snap, and minimizing taxes is a key concern for small business owners. As for modified cash basis, there’s not enough information here to comment. Modified how?

Concerns were about the loss of a well-known frame of reference for financial statements [due to the transition to IFRS].

IFRS is great for the global economy. You want to tap into the global markets, you gotta play by the global rules (regardless of how dubious the model for the setting of those rules happens to be at this point in time). The conclusion of the CICA stems from the above quote – keep the accounting standards we know, just cut out the complicated stuff that small businesses don’t need. In their words (again):

The existing financial reporting framework in the Handbook represents … the collective intellectual capital of the accounting profession in Canada.

That is the best reason I can think of for reusing the standards for Owner-Managed Enterprises.

The CICA sought comment from interested parties on the framework by January 31, 2008. They recently posted an update on those consultations.